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9 September 2015

Naijafm102.7 Fans Club

As part of activities to mark its first year anniversary, Naijafm fans club is set to create a platform for talented people to showcase what they have in them on Saturday, September 19, at Las Vegas club,ikeja lagos by 5pm.
Naijafm fans club cordially invites all the member of general public to come celebrate this memorable day with them,the admission is absolutely free,so invite your friends and family so they could become part of this sensational show.
Naijafm fans club is about making a positive impact in the society.

31 July 2015

Making Relations Special

When I was a kid, my Mom liked to make breakfast food for dinner every now and then. And I remember one night in particular when she had made dinner after a long, hard day at work. On that evening so long ago, my Mom placed a plate of eggs, sausage and extremely burned biscuits in front of my dad. I remember waiting to see if anyone noticed! Yet all dad did was reached for his biscuit, smile at my Mom and ask me how my day was at school. I don’t remember what I told him that night, but I do remember watching him smear butter and jelly on that biscuit and eat every bite!
When I got up from the table that evening, I remember hearing my Mom apologize to my dad for burning the biscuits. And I’ll never forget what he said: “Honey, I love burned biscuits.”
Later that night, I went to kiss Daddy good night and I asked him if he really liked his biscuits burned. He wrapped me in his arms and said, “Your Momma put in a hard day at work today and she’s real tired. And besides – a little burned biscuit never hurt anyone!”
Moral: Life is full of imperfect things and imperfect people. I’m not the best at hardly anything, and I forget birthdays and anniversaries just like everyone else. But what I’ve learned over the years is that learning to accept each others faults – and choosing to celebrate each others differences – is one of the most important keys to creating a healthy, growing, and lasting relationship.

21 October 2014

Research work.



Global Historical Development of Educational  Technology  and ages of evolution.

 

Stone Age Period:


You must have been told the history of the early men at the elementary school. It is the same early men that we are referring to here. You would recall that he was reputed to have lived inside the cave. He was described as a wanderer and that he lived a “crude” life. History had it that he ate his food raw until he was able to discover fire.

The early men on a very good day must have covered a very long distance? Covering a long distance implies that he must have
encountered series and variety of experiences before hiding his head inside a cave. Though as a stack illiterate, he was able to make some drawings on the surfaces of rocks and other flat objects. Indeed, it could be inferred that some of the drawing would have been generated from his familiarity with his immediate environment. Drawing technology or the art of drawing could then be associated to the early men. Writing technology too was another associated invention credited to the early men. Therefore, if writing and drawing are regarded as essential features of educational technology, then, the early men deserved recognition as the progenitor of the discipline.
The use of stones, pebbles, slates or slabs, counting sticks and bottle caps as is done in most of primary schools are regarded as the replica of the early man’s period. During this period, education was elitist and Aristotelian in nature. Education then was reservation for the rich/elites
It was the period when only few individuals in the society could afford to hire the services of the teachers to teach their sons and daughters in their homes. Typically of this period was the activity of the sophists. The sophists were itinerant teachers who moved from one place to another teaching and collecting money for the service being rendered. At that stage, there was monopoly of knowledge by the “professional” teachers



The Age of Book and Chalkboard

 

In 1456, Johann Guttenberg developed the printing machine with which he was reputed to have printed the first Bible. With this invention, the art of printing spread widely and other books were produced. With information explosion, there was wider spread of awareness and knowledge acquisition. Many people were interested in learning thus it became obvious that “one and one” teacher-pupil interaction as was the situation prior to the invention of the printing machine was no longer workable. This paved way for the assemblage of students at a place for the teacher to attend to simultaneously. The resultant effect of this group communication was the invention of 30 the chalkboard which was popularly known by then as blackboard.
The board served as a central point of focus for all the students. It also provided the teacher a place to write down important points, diagrams and symbols. Now, we have different kinds of board in circulation. Mention could be made of wall boards, portable boards, ease board, and magnetic board etc.

Mass Communication Age

 

The invention of the radio and the television marked another landmark in the development of educational technology worldwide. Prior to these developments, the scope of educational provision was quite limited and very narrow. However, with the invention of the radio and television, the world entered into the scenario of mass communication and by implication, mass education. The two media became two good sources to reach the unreachable and the less privileged in the society. Indeed, the radio served this purpose better than the television.





The Information Communication Age/Computer Age


The invention of the computer has remarkably changed the educational practice the world over.
With computer technology comes the information age.
As succinctly put by Akindoju (2002), the computer technology has achieved a wondrous feat unifying all communication media available to man. With the advent of the computer technology comes the following developments (Conway, 1990):

(i)Electronic board akin to the white boards with special pens capable to transferring data written on it to the system;

(ii)Multimedia system equipped with a sound blaster and speakers;

(iii) CD-ROM player / DVD-ROM player (on which audio, images and video files are recorded);

(iv) Video disk player and a videotape player controlled by the personal computer PC);

(v)PC – PC conferencing mode;

(vi)  The touch screen and voice recognition/communication devices for the special education students;

(vii) The digital camera that combines very well with computer where images can be shown and be manipulated / printed;

(viii) Advances in virtual reality – virtual libraries, virtual universities.

Computers are now used to package instructions either in a mediated form or in non-mediated form using any or a combination of the styles of drill and practice, tutorials, games, simulations, and/or interactive knowledge-based system.







Origin of   Educational Technology in Nigeria

 

The origin of the application of educational technology in the Nigerian educational system is not quite clear (Agun and Imogie, 1988). According to the duo, the history of educational technology was not given adequate attention by the chroniclers of educational development in the country. However, there were reasons that suggested that educational technology has been with us from time immemorial. As succinctly described by Aniemeka (2005), the concept of educational technology has been in practice in thispart of the world even before the geographical entity called Nigeria was created. The author therefore recognised two major periods in the

Pre-missionary Era:
This era, as suggested by the name, referred to theperiod before the advent of the missionaries and the introduction of Qur’anic Schools in Nigeria.
For a clearer understanding of this era, you would recall that the Nigerian society had been educating its citizens before the establishment of the school system in what we regard as informal education. During this period, efforts were made by the adult members of the society, family members, etc. to provide opportunities for the newly born child to grow up and acquire the fundamental, basic and necessary knowledge, skills and education that will invariably make him/her a responsible adult who would take good care of him/herself and contribute positively towards the development of the society. This situation was typical of all the various diversified cultural traits of the very many communities in Nigeria.
Specifically, concrete objects like pebbles, sticks, stones, etc. were used to teach the young child to be able to count and solve mathematical problems
. The use of symbols in dissemination of information was also an effective strategy. Initiation, regurgitation or role-leaving, acronyms, modelling, etc. were also utilised to ensure effective teaching-learning process. No child was left to develop in isolation, and so, peer-group and teamwork were highly encouraged.
The curriculum though not written was quite extensive and in terms of treatment, intensive. The curriculum covers modern-day subjects like: history, geography, social studies, religious knowledge, sciences, fine arts/crafts, etc. Acquisition of knowledge, skills and the right type of behaviour were the central focus of the curriculum.
Efforts were made to making sure that an individual who passed through the curriculum was properly brought up.
Evaluation, both in terms of formative and summative, were applied. Cane was used in situations whereby an individual was considered to
be too slow or lackadaisical in his/her attitude towards learning. In terms of methods andmaterials deployed to effect learning, it could be said that they were inferior, but were nevertheless effective as compared to modern time. The coming of the Christian Missionaries and the Islamic Clerics changed this approach with a “corresponding technology for learning” (Aniemeka, 2005).

Era of Missionary Activities:


The incoming of the missionaries to the Northern and Southern parts of the country marked a watershed in the historical development of educational technology in Nigeria. The Christian missionaries came and realised the need to establish mission schools to enable them achieve a lot in their evangelical mission. In 1842, a school was established in Badagry. Subsequently, prominent missions started establishing schools. In the North however, Qur’anic schools were established. In terms of introduction of aspects of technology, the western education seems to support its integration into the curriculum than the Islamic education.
Noticeable in this era, especially with western education that the Christian missionaries championed were among other things; emphasis on preparation of lesson notes, statement of
aims of the lesson, preparation of teaching apparatus, use of teaching aids, chalkboards then known as the blackboards as they usually came in “black” colours, charts, slates, penholders, pencils, ink wells with fountain pens, books, etc.
It should be mentioned that the establishment of teacher training colleges that prepared teachers for the primary school system .



Government Support for Educational Technology


On its part, in addition to notable moves to improve the quality of education, government took a bold step to launch educational broadcasting first by encouraging instructional radio and later instructional television. The impetus for this development was received from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) with the first educational broadcast in Nigeria in 1953. The Northern Nigerian Government followed suit when in 1954 it established the School Broadcasting Unit (SBU) in Kaduna. The Western Nigerian Government succeeded in establishing the Western Nigeria Broadcasting Service and symbolically established the first television in Africa in 1959 with the establishment of the Western Nigeria Television (WNTV).
With the intervention of the Federal Government of Nigeria in the early 1960’s, the Schools Broadcasting Units had its nomenclature changed to
the Educational Radio Service Unit (ERSU) in the first instance, and later to Federal School Broadcast and Audio-Visual Aids Development Centre. Again, on the basis and need to expand its roles and functions, the ERSU was changed to the National Educational Technology Centre (NETC), Kaduna in 1977. The action of the Federal
Government was regarded as “the climax of the direct involvement of the Federal Government in the field of educational broadcasting which began in 1964” (Agun and Imogie, 1988). The
NETC was established to perform the following functions:
(1)The development and production of Educational Radioand Television programmes for schools (Primary, Secondary and teacher training colleges);

(2)The development and production of instructional teaching aids for use in schools, using local materials;

(3)The training of specialists in the field of educational broadcasting (Radio, Television, Audio-visual aids);

(4)Organisation of seminars/conferences for teachers and teacher trainers on the application of educational technology to class teaching;

(5)Provision of consultancy services to the Federal and State governments in the fields of the broadcast media, audio-visual aids and instructional systems technology;

(6)Establishment of a National Educational Resource Library of equipment and materials for distribution throughout the country;

(7)Documentation and collation of statistical data on the broadcast and audio-visual aids services in the country;

(8)Training of educational technologists and cinematographers for services in Federal and State Government establishments;

(9)Assessment, evaluation and classification of imported instructional aids, materials and equipment marketed in the country.

Foreign Intervention to Educational Technology


It will amount to an abridged history if the contributions of the foreign bodies and organisations towards the advancement of the cause of educationaltechnology in the country are not given attention. Prominent among these foreign bodies were: United Nations Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), Ford Foundation, British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Carnegie Foundation, The Centre for Educational Development Overseas (CEDO) as well as The British Council. Specifically, the Ford Foundation and the British Broadcasting Corporation assisted the old
Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation now Federal Radio
Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) to establish its Schools Unit in 1960 (Agun and Imogie, 1988). UNESCO also played a significant role in the establishment of the audio-visual units at the Colleges of Education at Abraka and Lagos by supporting both institutions, in both the needed aids and personnel. With the UNESCO and Carnegie Foundation’s support, the University of Ibadan was able to establish its audiovisual aids unit of its Institute of Education in 1962.
The unit also benefited from the goodwill of the
United Kingdom Ministry for Overseas Development and the Canadian Universities Overseas.
Another aspect of educational technology that enjoyed its entrenchment into the teacher education curriculum in Nigeria is micro-teaching.
With the assistance received from the
UNESCO and UNDP in terms of equipment and personnel, Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri in Imo State became the home of Microteaching in Nigeria.


Educational Technology in Nigeria’s Higher Institutions


The contributions of institutions of higher learning in the area of educational technology is worthy of note (Aniemeka, 2005). As at 1970, the Alvan Ikoku College of Education had become popular with micro-teaching using television monitors and videotapes recordings and cameras.
Dearth of experts in some disciplines coupled with increase in the population in students’ enrolment for courses-especially the introduction of general studies programmes compelled some
Universities from  the mid-1970’s to explore the usage of educational technology media to address the challenges. Thus, in 1974, the University of Ife now Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife established an audiovisual centre and a closed-circuit television (CCTV).
The University of Lagos established its audio-visual aid centre and later upgraded it to a Centre for Educational Technology. The Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria equally established an
Educational Technology Centre while at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, a Curriculum and Instructional Materials Centre (CUDIMAC) was established.
With the establishment of Centres for Educational Technology in the nation’s first generation universities, it becomes a tradition to find in all the second generation universities and private ones at least a structure in which the traditional as well as modern roles of the Centre for
Educational Technology are being performed.

Educational Technology has been a discipline being studied at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels in Nigerian Universities. For example, the University of Ilorin started a Bachelor of Education programme with majors in educational technology in the 1980’s.
At the Colleges of Education, educational technology and micro-teaching are two courses that students are to take and pass before graduation. All the Colleges are mandated to establish
Centre for Educational Technology for the purpose of supporting teaching and learning. The field of educational technology though relatively young in the country, has produced a number of Nigerian academics with professorial chairs.

The Role of Professional Associations to Educational Technology


As early as 1964, the association of professionals and practitioners of educational technology, the Northern Nigeria Audio-Visual Association (NNAVA) was formed. In 1965, however, there was the need to further extend the membership of the association to cover the entire length and breadth of the country; thus, it acquired a new name – Nigeria Audio-Visual Association (NAVA). Development in the field necessitated two major changes in the name – NAVA. First, Audio-Visual became a narrow concept to describe what educational technology is. Second, the membership of NAVA did not incorporate all who either specialise in the field or perform tasks that are related to the field. As a result of these lapses, the name NAVA was changed to Nigeria
Association  for Educational Media and Technology (NAEMT) in 1986.
Among other things, the Association performs the following functions:

-Promote educational technology at both local and international levels;

- Hold annual convention and conference;

- Advise government on educational practice;

-  Organise training, seminar and lectures for schools

-Research into educational practice generally and in particular production, usage, storage and challenges and problems facing educational media.

 

Today’s Realities in Educational technology


Today, the development of educational technology in Nigeria has assumed a multidimensional form. As the Federal Government is making efforts to integrate technology into the educational system, the institutions of higher learning as well as other levels of education are seriously committed to the same purpose through the various agencies: Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), Nigeria Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), National Universities Commission (NUC), National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE), etc.
It is however sad to report that the hope of the achievement of the new initiative in the establishment of a Network of Educational Services
Centres in Nigeria (NESCN) will be significantly affected negatively with the lost of the much orchestrated Nigerian Satellite – NIGCOMSAT of recent.

CONCLUSION


Educational Technology has come of age in Nigeria.
It has successfully metamorphosed from an idea to a full-fledged university programme whose functions have been widely acknowledged as essential and highly needed for achieving the purposes for which education is designed for.

20 August 2014

Be Ambitious With Goals, Not Deadlines

As you embark on any new journey, you will inevitably have an idea in your mind of how long it should take you to accomplish your ultimate goal. For example, some new bloggers start out with great passion and write, write, write, day and night. They expect that within six months they will have a six-figure income coming in from their blog and then they are sorely disappointed when it doesn’t happen the way they imagined in the beginning. They end up feeling burned out before they ever touched any success and they give up before their efforts have time to materialize into the greatness they first imagined. Their mistake was in focusing on deadlines rather than goals.

Focus on Finishing the Task
Instead of putting all your mental energy into finishing a task within a certain time frame, focus on finishing the task period. If you really want to do this, you will stick with it no matter how long it takes. If you are a Type A personality who really wants to know how long you will need to work to achieve your goals, try talking to an expert who has already completed the journey. For instance, if you are starting a new blog and you want to know how long it will take to yield financial dividends, talk to an experienced blogger and ask them how long it took to start earning some income from it. This will allow you to have realistic expectation so you don’t get early burn out and give up.

Stay Motivated Towards Your Goals
Instead of setting your sites on personal deadlines, keep yourself motivated by setting smaller goals to serve as landmarks on the journey. If you are starting a new website, don’t focus on becoming independently wealthy as a blogger. Instead, make your first goal to earn $50. After you make that first $50, set another goal to make $100. Keep building up as you learn what it takes to monetize your online business and soon you will be independently wealthy. It just takes a lot of time and patience, but setting small goals along the way will keep you focused so you don’t get ahead of yourself and end up frustrated.

Learn to Enjoy the Journey
If you know upfront that the journey is going to take longer than expected, you can enjoy the time it takes to get there. With your eyes trained on the road ahead instead of on the end point on your map, you will have time to enjoy the scenery and really acknowledge where you are at any given moment. Allow yourself to enjoy the journey you are on. Keep a journal of your successes and failures and just keep moving forward, one small step at a time.

RIP Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh


















One of the primary contacts of the index Ebola Virus disease case, the most senior doctor who participated in the management of the first Ebola patient in Nigeria, a female consultant physician. Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh has passed on.
Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh, We commend your giant leap and patriotic zeal geared towards containing the spread of the Ebola virus in Nigeria.
You have carved your name on our hearts, not tombstones. You left legacy which has been etched into the minds of every Nigerians. History and Posterity shall be kind on you.

18 August 2014

Is this Stupidity, madness or creativity???

This guy was barred from entering Dubai because the airport officials thought he was into black magic His name is Rolf Buchholz and he has over 453 piercings with 278 of them around his genitalia.
Buchholz, who also has horn implants in his head, says he was ordered to never return to Dubai OMG! how does one deal with this?
What do you make of it?
Sent from my BlackBerry® wireless handheld from Glo Mobile.

15 August 2014

SMART GOALS

If you ask most people what is their one major objective in life, they would probably give you a vague answer, such as, "I want to be successful, be happy, make a good living," and that is it.
They are all wishes and none of them are clear goals.

Goals must be SMART:

1. S--specific. For example, "I want to lose weight." This is wishful thinking. It becomes a goal when I pin myself down to "I will lose 10 pounds in 90 days."
2. M--must be measurable. If we cannot measure it, we cannot accomplish it. Measurement is a way of monitoring our progress.
3. A--must be achievable. Achievable means that it should be out of reach enough to be
challenging but it should not be out of sight, otherwise it becomes disheartening.
4. R--realistic. A person who wants to lose 50pounds in~30 days is being unrealistic.
5. T--time-bound. There should be a starting date and a finishing date.

Please comment your opinion on this and add something yours...
Sent from my BlackBerry® wireless handheld from Glo Mobile.